1D] with CRT of 190 microns on OCT [Fig. (CNVM) with subsequent serous and hemorrhagic detachment of the overlying neurosensory retina. These neovascular membranes associated YH249 with angioid streaks present a major challenge in management. Argon laser treatment of the CNVM shows a drop in visual acuity (VA) with high rates of recurrence and persistence.2 Photodynamic therapy using verteporfin has been tried extensively in such eyes with very poor results with most eyes undergoing enlargement and disciform transformation of the neovascularization process.3,4 Poor success and high recurrence rates have been seen after submacular surgery for removal of CNVM in such cases.5 In this case report, we present YH249 a case of CNVM associated with angioid streaks treated with intravitreal bevacizumab, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) molecule. Case Report A 25-year-old woman presented with progressive blurring of vision in the left eye of two months duration. There was no history of any systemic illness or previous ocular trauma. Ocular examination revealed a best corrected VA of 20/20 in the right eye and 20/40 in the left YH249 eye. The pupillary reactions as well as the slit-lamp biomicroscopic examination of the anterior segment were normal in both the eyes. The posterior segment findings included bilateral, multiple, grayish, subretinal, linear branching streaks extending centrifugally from the peripapillary area and multiple areas of “Peau dorange” pigmentary changes in the temporal midperipheral fundus. In the left eye one of these streaks passed through the fovea and was associated with a small, grayish, subfoveal lesion with a surrounding bleed [Fig. 1A]. Open in a separate window Figure 1 (A) Baseline fundus picture (left eye) showing multiple angioid streaks, with a small, subfoveal lesion; (B) The lesion shows expanding hyperfluorescence and late leakage on angiogram suggestive of choroidal neovascular membrane; (C) Six weeks after the first injection, fundus fluorescein angiography shows reduction in leakage; (D) Two weeks after the second injection, fundus fluorescein angiography shows only transmission hyperfluorescence and no leakage Fundus fluorescein angiography showed transmission hyperfluorescence corresponding to the linear streaks and an area of expanding hyperfluorescence, with late leakage in the subfoveal location in the left eye [Fig. 1B]. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) confirmed the presence of a subfoveal CNVM with a central retinal thickness (CRT) of 392 microns in the left eye [Fig. 2A]. Open in a separate window Figure 2 (A) Baseline optical coherence tomography (horizontal line scan through the fovea of left eye) showing a subretinal choroidal neovascular membrane, thin streak of subfoveal fluid, loss of foveal contour, with central retinal thickness of 392 microns; (B) Post-treatment optical coherence tomography (repeat scan two weeks after the second injection) showing reduction in size of lesion, absence of YH249 subretinal fluid with normal foveal contour and reduction in central retinal thickness to 193 microns A detailed systemic workup revealed the presence of multiple hyperpigmented papules on the back of the neck with a highly elastic skin, suggestive of pseudoxanthoma elasticum. After an informed consent, 1.25 mg intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin TM , Genetech INA, California, USA) was injected in the USP39 left eye under aseptic conditions. Post-injection, her best corrected visual acuity improved to 20/30 and the CRT on OCT reduced to 331 microns at one week and to 211 microns at six weeks. Fundus fluorescein angiogram confirmed reduction in leakage [Fig. 1C]. A second dose of intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg) was repeated six weeks after the first injection. Two weeks after the second dose, her best corrected visual acuity improved to 20/20. Fluorescein angiogram confirmed total absence of any leakage [Fig. 1D] with CRT of 190 microns on OCT [Fig. 2B]. Discussion Most patients with angioid streaks may remain asymptomatic till development of subfoveal CNVM or a choroidal rupture which carries an extremely poor visual prognosis whether treated or not.2,3,4,5 Recently, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of CNVM.6 Bevacizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits all isoforms of VEGF and is FDA-approved YH249 for the treatment of colorectal cancer.7 Recently, bevacizumab has been used to treat CNVM due to age-related macular degeneration (ARMD).8,9 These exudative ARMD patients treated with.
- Post author:abic2004
- Post published:April 23, 2022
- Post category:Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator